Adrien Bertrand poet from France was born on August 4, 1888, had 28 years and died on July 18, 1917. Poems were written mainly in French language. Dominant movement is modernism, realism.
Bertrand was born in 1888, and after attending his local school, he
departed for Paris, where he worked as a journalist on a number of
papers, including Paris-Midi and L'Homme libre. During this period, he also began a literary magazine named Les Chiméres, which he used as a vehicle to publicise his socialist ideas and surrealist poetry, as well as give a voice to people of a like mind. Bertrand was a confirmed pacifist
and just short of his 26th birthday when the First World War began, but
nonetheless joined the French Army immediately, being given a position
in the cavalry. For the next three months he was continuously engaged in the Battle of the Frontiers against the German Army and made a name for himself in his unit with some daring exploits.
Late in October 1914 a German shell burst amongst his unit, and a
slice of shrapnel tore into Bertrand's chest, causing irreparable damage
to his lungs.
Bertrand survived the immediate aftermath of the wound, and was
eventually transferred to the lowest grade of military hospital, into
what was effectively a hospice.
Doctors had informed him that his lungs would never work properly
again, he was permanently bedridden and that death was inevitable in his
condition. Faced with long periods of enforced bed rest, Bertrand
returned to his writing and completed two works before he finally
succumbed to his wounds over three years after he received them.