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Arthur Cravan

Born in May 22, 1887 / Died in 1918 / Switzerland / German

Arthur Cravan poet from Switzerland was born on May 22, 1887, had 30 years and died in 1918. Poems were written mainly in German language. Dominant movement is surrealism, dadaism, absurdism.


Arthur Cravan born Fabian Avenarius Lloyd[1] was known as a pugilist, a poet, a larger-than-life character, and an idol of the Dada and Surrealism movements. He was the second son of Otho Holland Lloyd and Hélène Clara St. Clair. His brother, Otho, was born in 1885. His father's sister, Constance Mary Lloyd, was married to Irish poet Oscar Wilde.[2] He changed his name to Cravan in 1912 in honour of his fiancée Renée Bouchet, who was born in the small village of Cravans in the department of Charente-Maritime in western France. Why he chose the name Arthur remains unclear.

Cravan was last seen at Salina Cruz, Mexico in 1918[3] and most likely drowned in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Mexico in November 1918.[citation needed]