Corinna or Korinna (Greek: Κόριννα) was an Ancient Greek poet, traditionally attributed to the 6th century BC. According to ancient sources such as Plutarch and Pausanias, she came from Tanagra in Boeotia, where she was a teacher and rival to the better-known Theban poet Pindar. Although two of her poems survive in epitome, most of her work is preserved in papyrus fragments.
It is suspected that Corinna was born in the month of May. If Pindar
was indeed her pupil, it may be assumed that she was born some years
earlier than his birthdate of 522 BC. Some writers, however, place her
in the 5th or 4th century BC. Pausanias
says she won a poetry competition against Pindar in honour of which she
had a monument erected to her. According to his opinion, her success
was probably chiefly due to her beauty and her use of the local Boeotian
dialect, as opposed to the Doric of Pindar's poems. Aelian said she defeated Pindar five times, and in response to these defeats, Pindar called her a sow. Antipater of Thessalonica lists her in his catalogue of nine mortal muses.
Corinna wrote choral lyric poetry for celebrations in the Boeotian dialect of Greek. It is said that she criticised Pindar for introducing Atticisms
into his poems. Unlike Pindar, she focused on local myths, and drew
parallels between the world of mythology and ordinary human behaviour.
The outlines of two of her poems survive. Minouaie (The Daughters of Minyas), tells of the three adult daughters of King Minyas of Orchomenus: Leukippe, Arsippe, and Alkathoe. Koronaie (The Shuttle Maidens), tells of Orion's two daughters Menippe and Metioche, who cut their throats with their shuttle, "accepting death for their neighbours' sake".