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Ernest Koliqi

Born in May 20, 1903 / Died in 1975 / Albania / Albanian

Ernest Koliqi poet from Albania was born on May 20, 1903, had 71 years and died in 1975. Poems were written in Modern age mainly in Albanian language. Dominant movement is political.


Ernest Koliqi (1903–1975) was an Albanian-Italian poet, prose writer, dramatist,[1] and literary scholar and translator. Born in Shkodra, where he also attended his first lessons in the Shkodër Jesuit College he moved to Italy to study in Brescia and then at the University of Padua, and become knowledgeable in Albanian folk history. He began to write under pseudonyms, such as Hilushi, Hilush Vilza and Borizani. In the 1920s and 1930s Koliqi was the founder of leading magazines in Albania, such as the Illyria magazine, and other magazines, which covered geography and culture in the country. He also was Minister of Education at the time of the Albanian Kingdom during World War II, when he sent two hundred teachers to establish Albanian schools in Kosovo.

As a writer many of his literary works were banned even though he had political connections, which is partly why they were banned for this very reason because of his political views. He became creative in prose, and together with Mitrush Kuteli are considered the founder of modern Albanian prose. He translated into Albanian the works of the great Italian great poets: Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Ludovico Ariosto, Torquato Tasso, Giuseppe Parini, Vincenzo Monti, and Ugo Foscolo. He distinguished himself in the translation of an anthology of Italian poetry in 1963.

In his books such as Hija e Maleve (English: The Shadow of the Mountains)(1929), Tregtar flamujsh English: Flags' Merchant) (1935) and Pasqyrat e Narçizit (English: The Mirrors of Narcissus)(1936), Koliqi brings a unique spirituality to Albanian literature.

He died in Rome in 1975.