Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid (Urdu, Saraiki: ???? ????? ????? ????, (Gurmukhi): ????? ??????? ?????? ?????, Hindi(Devanagari): ????? ??????? ?????? ?????), Khwaja Ghulam Fareed Sahib or Khawaja Farid is considered one of the greatest Saraiki poets, Chishti-Nizami mystic and Sajjada nashin (Patron saint) of the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. He was born and died at Chacharan Shrif but buried at Kot Mithan.
He was the son of Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh. His mother died when he was five years old and he was orphaned at age twelve when his father died. He was educated by his elder brother, Fakhr Jahan Uhdi.
He was a scholar of that time and wrote several books. He knew Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi, Panjabi, Braj Bhasha, and Saraiki. He was a poet of Saraiki and Urdu. He also wrote some poems in Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha. He was an imperialist poet. He opposed British rule in Bahawalpur. He said to ruler of Bahawalpur in his poem, "You rule yourself on your state and finish police station of British from your state."
On 168th birthday Urs in 2008, many Saraiki nationists gathered to call for an independent Saraikistan.
Themes of Poetry and Teachings
His poetry is full of love with Allah, Prophet Muhammad s.a, humanity and nature. He has used the symbolism of desert life of Rohi Cholistan and waseb at most places in his poetry.
The beloved's intense glances call for blood
The dark hair wildly flows The Kohl of the eyes is fiercely black
And slays the lovers with no excuse
My appearance in ruins, I sit and wait
While the beloved has settled in Malheer I feel the sting of the cruel dart
My heart the, abode of pain and grief A life of tears, I have led Farid
-one of Khwaja Ghulam Farid's poems (translated)
Faridiat : ???????? (Devanagari), ??????? (Shahmukhi) ???????? (Gurmukhi)) is a new topic about Khawaja Farid's life, poetry and his mysticism. There are several books and hundreds articles on this topic. There are also experts of Khawaja Farid as under
Maulana Noor Ahmed Faridi: He translated Dewan-Farid
Mehr Abdul Haq: His books are Lughat-Faridi and Piam-Farid and other
Christopher Shackle: His book is Teachings of Khaja Farid and other
Javed Chandio : A trend setter critic in Fareediat with six important books and many articles on the subject. He is currently the Incharge of Khwaja Farid Chair, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur(Pakistan).
Wahid Bakhish Sial: He translated Maqbees-ul-Majalis
Mujahid Jatoi: His book is 'Aa pahntum jeendian makay
Saeed Ahmed Sheikh: His book is Ustad Dileen de
Aziz-ur-Rahman Khan: He was the first who translated 'Dewan-i-Farid
Akram Qureshi: His book is Auzan Dewan-i-Farid
Aslam Metala: He wrote several books'one of its is Zauq-i-Farid
Some Books on Faridiat
There are hundred books on this topic. Name of few books are under
Shackle Christopher :Teachings of Khawaja Farid Published : Bazm-i- Saqafat Multan
Shackle Christopher: Fifty poems of Khawaja Farid (Translation) Publisher: Bazm-i-Saqafat Multn
??Sheikh?? Muhammad Saeed Ahmed: ??Ustad Deleenday??edition 2000: Publisher: Jhoke Kitab Ghar bazaar Kutub firoshan androon bohar gate Multan
??Metla?? Muhammad Aslam ??Zauq-I-Farid?? edition 2001: Saraiki Adbi Majlis Bahawalpur
??Anwaar Ahmed?? ??Khawaja Farid ke teen Rang?? edition 1985:Bazm-I-Saqafat. Multan
??Qureshi?? Muhammad Akram: ??Auozan Dewan Farid??: edition 2005::Bazm-I-Saqfat Multan
??Jatoi?? Mujahid ??Atwar-I-Farid?? edition 2003: Jhoke publisher Multan
??Jatoi?? Mujahid ??Hiat-ul-Mahboob?? edition 2005: Khawaja Farid foundation ??Mithankot??
??Akhtar?? Shabir Hassan: ??Farid Shanasi?? edition 2001: Bazm-I-Saqafat Multan
??Feroz?? Abu Saeed Muhammad Anwar ??Ghauhar Shab-I-Chiraz?? edition third 1999 Saraiki Adbi Majlis Bahawalpur
??Chadhri?? Hanif: ??Mutalea Farid Ka aik nia Rukh?? edition2002: Saraiki Research center .B, Z.University Multan
??Chandio??Javed:??Khawaja Farid?? edition 1999:Saraiki Adbi Majlis Bahawalpur
??Junejo??Abdul Jabbar?Dr: ??Mera ishq bhi too??: edition 2002 Bazm-I-Saqafat Multan
??Iqbal?? Khalid: ??Bhag Suhag Farid?? edition 2006: Sujak Adbi Sangat Shadan lund Dera Ghazi Khan
??Taunsvi?? Tahir ?Dr: ??Mutalea-Farid ke das saal?? edition 2001: Book man Nila Gunbad Lahore
??Metla??Aslam:??Mahram Raz Deleeday?? edition 2005: Bazm-I-Saqafat: Multan
??Metla?? Aslam ??Zikr-I-Farid?? edition 1994: Metla Publications: Tehsil Jahanian Khaniwal
??Durani??Jamila:??Khawaja Ghulam Farid _Shakhs and Shaer?? edition 1996:Becon Books Gulgasht Multan
??Chandio?? Javed ??Armughan Khawaja Farid?? edition 2001: Bazm-I-Saqafat Multan
??Alam?? Khursheed: ??Pakistan mein Mutalea Farid ki Rewayat?? edition 1999: Saraiki Adbi Board Multan
Many religious and educational institutions are named after him. Many streets, towns and shops are also named after him.
Government Khawaja Farid College, Rahimyar Khan, Pakistan
Government of Pakistan issued a memorial stamp on Khwaja Ghulam Farid' centenary in 2001
Khwaja Ghulam Farid Award is awarded by the Government of Pakistan in literature ..